||76,000,000 Americans in 48
||Policeman arrests woman for smoking in
||$46,000,000+ in the U.S. treasury
||8,000 cars - 10 miles of paved roads
||1900 - Auto deaths 96; lynchings 115
||1906: San Francisco Earthquake took 700
lives and cost over $4,000,000 in damage
||Average worker made $12.98/week for 59
hours; annual salary for teachers was $325
||Life expectancy: 47.3 female, 46.3 male
- 33.0 Blacks
At the turn of the century, America
had been established as a world power. The West was won, The
frontier was no more and the continent was settled from coast
to coast. By 1900 the Indian wars were over and the Indians
were living on reservations. The buffalo were gone. The open
range was fenced by barbed wire and the McCormick reaper had
made large-scale farming profitable, making America the world's
largest agricultural producer. By 1900, the nation had 193,000
miles of railroad track, with five railroad systems spanning
John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Trust company controlled
more that 90 percent of the country's refinery capacity. The
country had become the world's largest steel producer, turning
out 10,000,000 tons yearly.
With the founding of the Ford Motor
Company in 1903, the age of automobiles was under way. The
Model T was introduced in 1909, available only in black.
By the turn of the century, telephones were in wide use and
cities were being electrified. Guglielmo Marconi was conducting
experiments that lead to the invention of the radio and the
Wright Brothers were working on their heavier-than-air flying
machine, which debuted in 1903.
William McKinley, the fifth of the six Ohio presidents who
served between 1868 and 1908, was re-elected in 1900.
The Spanish-American war of 1898 was immensely popular with
the American people. For the first time since the Civil War,
men from the North and South came together, marching to war
to bands playing the marches of John Philip Sousa.
Fairs were popular at the turn of the century. The World's
Columbian Exposition took place in 1893 and the Pan-American
Exposition of 1901 was in Buffalo, New York. These fairs celebrated
the country's technological achievements such as incubators
and electric lights. They exhibited exotic architecture and
peoples of other nations and the American West.
movie industry was in its infancy, the earliest venues being
nickelodeons — peep show parlors in which machines played
short film loops, or films on flip cards called mutoscopes.
By 1900, films were being shown in store-front theaters and
traveling carnivals. Films were being shown in vaudeville
and burlesque theaters, alongside "entertainments"
featuring live dramas, singers and comedians.